CBD vs THC: What's the difference?
Cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) belong to a group of compounds known as cannabinoids. They are present in various types of cannabis plants such as Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. At a federal level, the US government has legalized products containing CBD that’s been derived from hemp containing less than 0.3% THC.
CBD and THC are believed to have different actions on the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a crucial biological mechanism within the body that is responsible for regulating a number of vital functions and processes, including sleep, mood, appetite, memory, and fertility. The ECS has three components: endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. The two receptors that we know of, through which cannabinoids take effect, are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. THC and CBD have different interactions with these receptors.
While THC exerts most of its effects directly through the ECS, CBD may have a wider range of targets that go beyond the ECS, including the dopamine D2 receptor. Research on the endocannabinoid system and its interactions with CBD and THC is ongoing.
Health and wellness websites and media have reported that CBD may offer a number of health benefits. However, there is little reliable science behind such claims. More research needs to be conducted on CBD. To understand more about what science says about CBD, visit reliable sources of scientific research such as pubmed.gov.
THC is responsible for generating a host of physical and mental effects, including heightened sensory perception, laughter, altered perception of time, and increased appetite. At present, researchers are studying the healthcare potential of THC.